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Donald Trump has been booked at the Atlanta jail on Georgia election charges

Former President Donald Trump's booking photo was released after he was booked in Atlanta.
Fulton County Sheriff's Office
Former President Donald Trump's booking photo was released after he was booked in Atlanta.

Updated August 24, 2023 at 9:06 PM ET

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ATLANTA — Donald Trump has become the first former U.S. president with a mug shot.

Trump, who faces 13 felony counts in Georgia related to efforts to overturn the state's 2020 election result, was booked Thursday at the Fulton County Jail in Atlanta.

Trump's appearance in Georgia came a day after the first Republican primary debate, which he skipped. Trump is currently the party's front-runner for the 2024 presidential nomination. And he's blasted Fulton County District Attorney Fani Willis for bringing the charges against him.

Trump's booking process was brief. It took about 20 minutes for his motorcade to enter the facility until when it left.

The 18 other defendants in Willis' wide-reaching criminal case have until Friday at noon to turn themselves in for booking.

Most have already surrendered, including Trump's former lawyers John Eastman, Rudy Giuliani and Sidney Powell. Former White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows turned himself in earlier Thursday.

"It doesn't matter your status," Fulton County Sheriff Pat Labat recently told reporters. "We will have a mug shot ready for you."

In Fulton County, a booking appearance is separate from an arraignment, where a defendant issues a plea on their charges.

For most of the case's 19 defendants, bond terms will have been negotiated in advance so they don't have to spend long in jail awaiting a hearing, says Bob Rubin, a criminal defense attorney in Decatur, Georgia. A few defendants have surrendered in the middle of the night to avoid long processing times.

On Monday, a judge signed off on an agreement between prosecutors and Trump's lawyers to set bond at $200,000. Bond has ranged between $10,000 and $200,000, depending on the defendant's charges.

Rubin says bond conditions consider factors like a defendant's flight risk, danger to the community and likelihood of intimidating witnesses or committing another felony.

Trump's bond agreement requires that he refrain from intimidating co-defendants or witnesses, including through social media. And he is not allowed to communicate with any co-defendants about the facts of the case, except through his lawyer.

"Despite saying they're going to treat them the same as everybody else, they're going to make sure no one's going to get hurt in this jail," Rubin says. "It would look really bad, so I'm sure the sheriff's office is going to make every effort to segregate them from other inmates who may be dangerous."

The Fulton jail is being investigated

The Fulton County Jail, also known as the Rice Street Jail, is currently under investigation by the U.S. Department of Justice for potential civil rights violations.

Seven people have died in custody there since the start of this year.

Labat, the Fulton County sheriff, has pledged to cooperate with the federal investigation and says it reinforces his calls for a new jail.

"I have publicly, privately and repeatedly raised concerns about the dangerous overcrowding, dilapidated infrastructure and critical staffing shortages of the jail," he said in July.

This month, the county reached a settlement with the family of Lashawn Thompson, who died in the jail's psychiatric wing last year and was found covered in bedbugs. An independent autopsy commissioned by the family found he died from neglect.

"It is Third World in many parts of the Fulton County Jail," says Rubin, who has two clients who have been detained in the jail for more than two years awaiting trial.

"They have no opportunities to go outside. There's no sunlight. There's no yard," Rubin says. "The jail is cold. The jail is smelly, as you can imagine. There's water issues. There's space issues. There's dangerous people in the jail. It's a pretty horrific place, such that sometimes I have nightmares."

Eighty-seven percent of the jail population is Black and the vast majority have not been convicted, according to the Justice Department. Most are waiting for bail hearings or competency evaluations or are denied release awaiting trial because they cannot post bail.

What's next in the Trump criminal case

Former President Donald Trump steps off his plane as he arrives at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport on Thursday. Trump was then booked on 13 Georgia felony charges.
Alex Brandon / AP
Former President Donald Trump steps off his plane as he arrives at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport on Thursday. Trump was then booked on 13 Georgia felony charges.

Willis, the district attorney, wants arraignments to take place the week of Sept. 5 in the criminal case against Trump and 18 others. And she had asked a judge to schedule a March 4, 2024, trial date, but on Thursday, after a request for a speedy trial by one defendant, Willis' office asked for the trial to begin on Oct. 23.

Even her proposed March 4 timeline was viewed skeptically by experts.

"I just think, practically speaking, that's not going to happen," says Jeffrey Brickman, a criminal defense attorney in Atlanta.

Fulton Superior Court Judge Scott McAfee has been assigned the case and will set the final calendar.

McAfee, who was appointed by Republican Gov. Brian Kemp and has been on the bench since February, will have to juggle scheduling around 19 defendants and their lawyers, as well as proceedings in the three other criminal cases Trump is facing.

McAfee also has to find time on his own calendar, and Brickman says Fulton County already has a sizable case backlog.

"This is not a discussion about people trying to play the system and delay just for the purposes of delay," Brickman says. "It simply takes a long time, and I just think that [Willis' timeline] is wishful thinking."

Other factors may slow down the case, like protracted jury selection and efforts by Trump and others to move the case out of Fulton Superior Court and into federal court.

"This case has gotten so much attention that it's going to take a long, long time to impanel a jury," Brickman says. "Nineteen lawyers who get to ask questions of one juror. So that could take months."

Some defendants want to move to federal court

Several defendants, including Meadows and U.S. Justice Department official Jeffrey Clark, already filed a motion to remove his case to federal court. Trump is expected to do the same.

That's because a provision in federal law allows federal officers to remove some criminal prosecutions brought by states to the federal court system.

Jonathan Nash, a law professor at Emory University, says this mechanism dates to the early 19th century, when resentment against the federal government over taxation and the War of 1812 led to an onslaught of lawsuits and prosecutions against federal officials carrying out their duties.

"The concern was that if states are allowed to bring [these] criminal prosecutions, that it can really just interfere with federal officials' being able to do their jobs," he said.

Nash says precedent has established three basic requirements for removal to federal court: The defendant must have been a federal officer; be facing prosecution for conduct under the "color of office"; and have a legal defense that relies on federal law in some fashion.

"It certainly has some merit, I'll put it that way," Nash says of Meadows' motion to remove the case. "I don't see it as any kind of frivolous filing. He makes arguments that make some sense."

If these motions are successful, the Fulton County district attorney's office would still prosecute the case and state laws would still be at issue, but a federal judge would preside.

That may end up being U.S. District Judge Steve Jones, who has set an Aug. 28 hearing on Meadows' motion.

The jury would come not just from Fulton County, but the 10-county Atlanta Division of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia, which encompasses some exurban counties that lean more Republican than Fulton County.

Any convictions would not be subject to presidential pardon — only the review of Georgia's independent review board, which can consider pardons five years after the completion of a sentence.

Supporters of former President Donald Trump gather near the Fulton County Jail in Atlanta on Thursday.
Ben Gray / AP
Supporters of former President Donald Trump gather near the Fulton County Jail in Atlanta on Thursday.

Copyright 2023 90.1 WABE

Sam Gringlas is a journalist at NPR's All Things Considered. In 2020, he helped cover the presidential election with NPR's Washington Desk and has also reported for NPR's business desk covering the workforce. He's produced and reported with NPR from across the country, as well as China and Mexico, covering topics like politics, trade, the environment, immigration and breaking news. He started as an intern at All Things Considered after graduating with a public policy degree from the University of Michigan, where he was the managing news editor at The Michigan Daily. He's a native Michigander.